Notification of adverse drug reactions should be made mandatory
Dr KK Aggarwal, Recipient of Padma Shri
Adverse drug reaction (ADR) reporting or pharmacovigilance is an integral part of quality patient care as ADRs not only impair quality of life for the patient, they also increase treatment costs as they increase the likelihood of hospitalization. At times, they may be potentially life-threatening. The World Health Organisation (WHO) has defined pharmacovigilance as "the science and activities relating to the detection, assessment, understanding and prevention of adverse effects or any other drug related problems".
A database of ADRs will help the clinician to identify any clinical event occurring as a result of a drug being administered and manage it in time. This was the very objective of the Pharmacovigilance Programme of India (PvPI) i.e. to generate data about ADRs across the country by promoting ADR reporting. PvPI is run by the Indian Pharmacopoeia Commission (IPC) as its National Coordination Centre (NCC) under the aegis of the Health Ministry. ....read more
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In a drug safety communication, the US FDA has cautioned about the potential risk of neural tube birth defects with dolutegravir used to treat human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in women, who received the drug at the time of becoming pregnant or early in the first trimester. The FDA has advised health.... read more
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More awareness needed on CHD in India Unlike earlier, better treatment outcomes are being achieved today
New Delhi, 20th May 2018: As per a status report on the prevalence of congenital heart disease (CHD) in the country, the infant mortality rate (IMR) currently stands at 34 per 1000 live births. Approximately 10% of this may be accounted for by congenital heart diseases (CHD) alone. Every year, 1.5 lakh infants are born with CHD, of which 78,000 do not survive. As per the Children’s Heart Foundation, globally, 1 in 100 babies is born with a CHD and about 25% of them have critical CHD.
CHD occurs due to a problem with the structure of the heart. It is the most common type of birth defect. The defects can involve the walls of the heart, the valves, and the arteries and veins near the heart.